A website or application can succeed to attract users if it looks attractive and functions flawlessly. Clients seek top-skilled developers, who craft and enhance the visual aspects of the application. They should also be able to carry out back-end development to manage the application’s structure, data, system, and logic.
Only full-stack developers are skilled enough to perform both front-end and back-end development of web apps. They learn various programming languages to develop eye-grabbing front-end features of a website along with building a robust structure.
Each full-stack programming language offers specific functions and advantages. You must learn those languages to handle server-side and client-side projects efficiently. This post will help you find out the necessary programming languages to learn to be a full-stack developer.
Understanding the Responsibilities of a Full-stack Developer
A full-stack developer is probably the most reputed professional within the web development field. That professional can work with both the front and back ends of a digital entity. The developer is skilled in aspects of user experience or UX design, computer programming, client communication, and project management.
A full-stack developer can design and build web apps for a variety of platforms. The job description for a full-stack developer may include:
- Creating and maintaining web interfaces and services
- Carrying out front and back-end development of the application
- Building new APIs or product features
- Carrying out tests, recognizing and fixing bugs, troubleshooting the software
- Collaborating with other developers to complete projects before the deadline
Full-stack developers stay focused on new and evolving technologies. There is no limit to what full-stack developers can do in the field of web development. They need to learn emerging technologies to deliver solutions demanded by clients.
Industries where demands for full-stack developers are increasing include:
- Computer software
- Information technology and services
- Higher education
- Financial services
You can find a top-paying job in any of the above-listed industries if you become a skilled full-stack developer. Employers will treat you as a more valuable candidate for development jobs than front-end or back-end developers.
Skills Required to Become a Full-stack Developer
You must have good attention to detail if you wish to be a full-stack developer. You should be graphically inclined, creative, tech-savvy, and fully indulged in web technologies. If you got those traits, you can become a skilled full-stack developer. You will have to learn the below-explained skills to serve as a full-stack developer.
- Front-end development
Front-end development is concerned with creating the graphical interface of a web application. Developers produce codes to create details, such as fonts, drop-down menus, colors, page layouts, and more.
You will have to earn a professional certificate in front-end development. It will help you prove your skills as a full-stack developer if you are transitioning from back-end development. That certificate will guarantee the employer that you can turn the client’s vision into reality when he expresses visible features of the website.
- Back-end development
Back-end development is extremely important to maintain the digital foundation of any website or application. Being a full-stack developer, you should know how business logic and algorithms work. Skilled back-end developers know programming languages, such as Python, Ruby, PHP, CakePHP, and others.
Suppose you are a beginner, you will have to learn both front-end and back-end programming languages, methods, and logic. Take a professional back-end development certification test to become a certified back-end developer. Thus, you will have certificates to prove both front-end and back-end programming skills.
Being a well-trained front-end and back-end developer, you can craft important underlying components that determine your website or application’s usability and front-end presentation.
- Web design
We design experts use feature-rich tools and software to design and produce graphics and website or application themes. You should learn web design methods to have a better understanding of the basic user interface (UI) design principles. It will help you prepare perfect navigational elements, audio and video elements, and backgrounds for your web pages.
- Database management
Database management is a skill required for back-end web development, but all full-stack developers must learn it. It will help you understand, design, and manipulate web storage and database queries.
Skills and Languages You Must Learn to Become a Top-skilled Full-stack Developer
Being a full-stack developer, you must have at least some fluency in the programming languages listed below.
HyperText Markup Language or HTML is a commonly used programming language by web developers around the world. Being a markup language, HTML help web browsers in displaying web page elements efficiently via tags.
This programming language defines the way web pages are linked together. Skilled developers use HTML with CSS and scripting language to complete the job efficiently. You should begin by learning HTML to learn how to properly structure the information published on the page.
Python has become one of the most widely used programming languages for back-end development. It is a versatile language and programmers like it because it is pretty simple. This open-source programming language is pretty effective in data visualization.
Developers can follow distinct programming paradigms to develop the website and please the client. If it is your goal to become a full-stack developer, you should have a good grasp of Python programming.
Structured Query Language or SQL is a commonly used programming language for back-end development. It helps developers manage and update records. They use it to access and change the database of the web application.
All modern websites demand back-end data storage to function efficiently. Learning SQL is essential to improve your database management and back-end development skills.
Rust is one of the most preferred programming languages by web developers. It helps developers improve the web page’s loading speed, inherent memory safety, and parallelism. Skilled programmers got a wide range of uses for Rust. They use it to design game engines, implement browser components, and construct operation systems.
Java has always been an important programming language since its introduction. It has become a popular general-purpose language that developers use in back-end development. Being a full-stack developer, you should learn Java programming to construct, conceptualize, and maintain applications.
- Web Architecture
Web architecture refers to planning and creating functional, technical, and visual elements of a website or application. Professional web designers and developers use web architecture when they are geared up to design and develop a website.
Full-stack developers know the role back-end data structure plays to create a perfect product. They know methods to separate files and carry out computational tasks to deliver the desired outcome.
Other programming languages and tools full-stack developers should learn are:
- Angular JS
- Apache HTTP Server
- Microsoft SQL Server
- Ruby on Rails
It is pretty tough to have a good command of all the above-listed programming languages and tools. Nevertheless, you must know how those programming languages work so that you can guide other developers and get the job done!
What Should You Do to Become a Full-stack Developer?
You already know the programming languages a full-stack developer should know to perform his job efficiently. Now, let’s find out how you can become a professional full-stack developer to serve at a reputed web development firm.
- Get a degree
Above 70% of software developers have a bachelor’s degree. It may not be a strict requirement to become a full-stack developer, but the degree will make your entry into a reputed firm much easier. It will help you gain the workplace and technical skills that reputed firms demand from job applicants.
- Know entry-level roles
Suppose you do not have good command over all the required programming languages, you can apply for an entry-level position in a firm. That firm will help you develop the required skills and become a talented full-stack developer.